AmewVmof g§J«h à^mJ

 AmewVmof g§J«h go Hw$N> Xwb©^ nwñVH|$
 AmewVmof g§J«h, amï´>r` nwñVH$mb`

AmewVmof _wIOu (1864-1924) H$bH$Îmm Cƒ Ý`m`mb` Ho$ _w»` Ý`m`mYre (1904-1923) VWm H$bH$Îmm {dœ{dÚmb` Ho$ Hw$bn{V (1906-1914 VWm 1921-22) Wo & do EH$ ~hþV ~‹S>o nwñVH$ ào_r Wo & do 86,000 nwñVH|$ g§J«{hV {H$`o &

gZ² 19490 _| CZHo$ ~ƒm| Zo Bg g§nyU© g§J«h H$mo amï´>r` nwñVH$mb` _| XmZ Xo {X`m & Bg g§J«h _| g^r {df`m| H$s §§nwñVH|$ h¢, bo{H$Z Bg g§J«h _| A{YH$m§eV… H$mZyZ, `wamonr` gm{hË`, B{Vhmg VWm {dewÕ {dkmZ H$s nwñVH|$ h¢ & Bg g§J«h _| H$mZyZr à{VdoXZm| Ho$ A{V[aº$ {d{^Þ Ymamdm{hH$m| Ho$ bJ^J 170 n{ÌH$mE°°° h¢ & Bg_| A°J«oOr nwñVH$m| H$s g§»`m H$m\$s A{YH$ h¡ & Bg g§J«h _| ~§Jbm, {hÝXr, g§ñH$¥V VWm AÝ` {d{^Þ ^mfmAm| H$s nwñVH|$ ^r h¢ &  

Zmo{V{V`m drÌHy$d.......(1553) Bg g§J«h H$s g~go nwamZr _w{ÐV nwñVH$ h¡ & `h b¡{Q>Z ^mfm _| h¡ & Bg g§J«h H$s {deofVm `h h¡ {H$ EH$ hr erf©H$ H$m Bg_| ~hþV go g§ñH$aU h¢ & Bg_| ê$~m`V Ho$ 30 g§ñH$aU, Aa{~`Z ZmBQ> Ho$ 30 g§ñH$aU, ~mB~b Ho$ 25 g§ñH$aU, B§gmBŠbmonr{S>`m {~«Q>m{ZH$m Ho$ 4 g§ñH$aU h¢ & gr{_V g§ñH$aUm| Ho$ g§J«h BgH$m _w»` AmH$f©U h¢ & 19 dt eVmãXr Ho$ A§{V_ XeH$ VWm 20 dr§§ eVmãXr Ho$ àma§{^H$ XeH$ Ho$ Xm¡amZ H$B© àH$meH$m| Ûmam gr{_V g§ñH$aUm| H$m àH$meZ {H$`m Om ahm Wm & BZ gr{_V g§ñH$aUm| _| Hw$N> erf©H$ h¡ … am~Q>© ~«m¡qZJ Ho$ âbmBQ> Am°\$ S>MoO, Ho$db 125 à{V`m§ VWm g^r ^ob_ na (AOÝ_ ~N>‹S>o H$m M_‹S>m) _w{ÐV {H$`m J`m Wm,do g^r h¡§ & hoZar E_. ñQ>oZboO Ho$ BZ S>mH}$ñQ> A\«sH$m (1890), Bg H$m`© H$s Ho$db 250 à{V`m§ _w{ÐV H$s JB© Wr VWm Bg g§J«h _| BgH$s à{V`m| H$s g§»`m 240 h¢ {Og_| boIH$ H$m ñdhñVmja h¡ & Eg. Q>r. H$mob[aO H$m {X am`_ Am°\$ {X EZ{g`oÝQ> _o[aZa (1903), Bg H$m`© Ho$ Ho$db 150 à{V`m§ _w{ÐV H$s JB© Wr VWm do g^r ^ob_ _| h¢ & AÝ` C„oIZr` gr{_V g§ñH$aU AW©a `yngZ H$m b¡[aH$ E§S> gmoZoQ>²g (1909) h¡, Bg H$m`© H$s Ho$db 25 à{V`m§ OmnmZr ^ob_ na _w{ÐV H$s JB© Wr &

nwñVH$ Ed§ Ymamdm{hH$r Ho$ A{V[aº$ Bg g§J«h _| H$B© Xwb©^ _m¡{bH$ {MÌH$mar, \$moQ>moJ«m\$ VWm nmÊSw>{b[n`m§ ^r h¢ &

`h nwñVH$mb` AmewVmof g§J«h H$m H¡$Q>bm°J (n°mM I§S>) àH$m{eV {H$`m h¡ &

| Amdmg | B{Vhmg | g§J«h | A§J«oOr Am¡a {dXoer g§J«h | Xwb©^ Ed§ AÝ` g§J«h |
|
g§ajU | AmYw{ZH$sH$aU | àemgZ | àH$meZ | godm Ed§ gXñ`Vm |
| àH$meH$m| Ho$ {bE | g_mMma Ed§ KQ>ZmE§ | Cn`moJr gyMZm | g§nH$© gyÌ | English Version |

gmB~a E{Z_o{Q´>Šg àmBdoQ> {b{_Q>oS>, H$mobH$mVm (H$bH$Îmm), ^maV ×mam gmBQ> {Z{_©V Ed§ EH${ÌV