| g§J«h | g§J«h g§JR>Z |  | d¡{YH$ {Zjon | H«$` | Cnhma g§J«h | {d{Z_` | {ZYmZ |

 

d¡{YH$ {Zjon

`h amï´>r` nwñVH mb` H$m _w»` ómoV h¡ & ^maV gaH$ma Zo H$mZyZ ~Zm`m h¡ "nwñVH àXmZ (bmoH$ nwñVH mb`) A{Y{Z`_ 1954', {Ogo gm_mÝ`V… S>r0 ~r0 EoŠQ> H$hm J`m h¡ & Bg A{Y{Z`_ Ho$ A§VJ©V Xoe Ho$ g^r àH$meH$ , gaH$mar A{^H$aU g{hV, AnZo àË`oH$ àH$meZ H$s EH$ à{V amï´>r` nwñVH mb` H$mo X|Jo VWm d¡{YH$ {Zjon H$m à_mU-nÌ àmá H$a|Jo & ^maV _| àH$m{eV g_mMma-nÌm| VWm Amd¥{Îm`m ^r Cº$ A{Y{Z`_ Ho$ A§VJ©V amï´>r` nwñVH mb` H$mo X|Jo &

 

H«$`

Xoe Ho ~mha àH$m{eV nwñVH| VWm Amd¥{Îm`m§ VWm M`{ZV ^maVr` àH$meZ Xoe Ho$ {bE {dbjU nR>Z gm_{J«`m§ Ho$ {dH$mg Ho$ {bE H«$` H$s OmVr h¡ & nwñVH m| H$s IarX Ho$ÝÐrH¥$V h¡ & àm{á (nwñVH AmXoe) à^mJ H«$` Ûmam nwñVH àm{á Ho$ {bE CÎmaXm`r h¡ &

H«$`Zr{V … nR>Z gm_{J«`m§ H$s IarX nwZ… arjU g{_{V (1969) VWm à~§Y g{_{V (1974) Ûmam V¡`ma {H$`o J`m _mJ©Xe©Z Zr{V Ho$ AZwgma H$s OmVr h¡ & {Og CÔoí` H$o {bE bmS>© H$O©Z Zo Bånr[a`mb bm`~«oar H$mo OZVm Ho$ {bE Imobm Wm & CZH$s Zr{V Wr gånyU© nwñVH mb` H$m gm_mÝ` CÔoí` CZ g^r nwñVH m| H$mo aIm OmZm Ano{jV h¡ Omo bmoH${à` ~mobr _| ^maV na {bIr JB© hmo {OgH$m àË`oH$ g§ñH$aU _mZd$H$m`m} H$mo g^r Vah Ho$ EH$ AÀN>o nwñVH mb` Ho$ {b`o nR>Zr` hmo &

Cnhma g§J«h

nwñVH mb` ì`{º$`m|, g§ñWmZm| VWm nwñVH mb`m| go Cnhma ñdén nwñVH| VWm AÝ` àH$m{eV gm_{J«`m§ àmá H$aZm h¡ & H$moB© ^r {H$VZr ^r nwñVH| nwñVH mb` H$mo XmZ Xo gH$Vm h¡ & Ho$db dhr nwñVH| Omo nwñVH mb` _| CnbãY Zhr§ h¡, gm_mÝ`V… Cnhma-ñdén ñdrH$ma H$s OmVr h¢ &

H$B© à{V{ð>V {dÛmZ `m CZHo$ CÎmam{YH$mar Ûmam CZH$m gånyU© g§J«h H$mo XmZ _| amï´>r` nwñVH mb` H$mo {X`m J`m h¡ & do {ZåZ àH$ma h¡§ … ga AmewVmof _wImonmÜ`m`, OXwZmW gaH$ma, Eg0 EZ0 goZ, VoO ~hmXwa gày , _§wer g¡`X gÐ-CX²-[XZ ~whma, ga A~Xwa a[h_, {hXm`V hþg¡Z, B_m_~mam OmH$m[a`m, d¡`nyar {n„mB©©, am_ Xmg goZ, ~[aX ~aU _wIOu & `o g^r g§J«h CZHo$ Zm_ go n¥WH$ én go ^§S>m[aV h¢ &
 

{d{Z_`

amï´>r` nwñVH mb` H$m 90 Xoemo _| 215 g§ñWmZm| Ho$ gmW {d{Z_` g§~§Y h¢ & BZ g§ñWmZm| Ho$ Ûmam nwñVH mb` {dXoer àH$meZm| H$s àm{á H$aVm h¡ {Ogo gm_mÝ`V… gm_mÝ` àM{bV n«{H«$`m H$o AmYma na Zht àmá {H$`m Om gH$Vm &
 

{ZYmZ

g§`wº$ amîQ´>g§K Ûmam BgHo$ VWm BgHo$ EO|gr àH$meZm| Ho$ {bE {ZYmZ nwñVH mb` Ho$ én _| amï´>r` nwñVH mb` H$mo _mÝ`Vm Xr JB© h¡ & amï´>r` nwñVH mb` `y0 EZ0 Amo0 , Bg Ho$ EO|{g`m| VWm AÝ` Xoem| Ho$ Hw$N> gaH$mam| Ho$ g^r àH$meZm| H$s àm{á H$aVm h¡ &

| Amdmg | B{Vhmg | g§J«h | A§J«oOr Am¡a {dXoer g§J«h | Xwb©^ Ed§ AÝ` g§J«h |
|
g§ajU | AmYw{ZH$sH$aU | àemgZ | àH$meZ | godm Ed§ gXñ`Vm |
| àH$meH$m| Ho$ {bE | g_mMma Ed§ KQ>ZmE§ | Cn`moJr gyMZm | g§nH$© gyÌ | English Version |

gmB~a E{Z_o{Q´>Šg àmBdoQ> {b{_Q>oS>, H$mobH$mVm (H$bH$Îmm), ^maV ×mam gmBQ> {Z{_©V Ed§ EH${ÌV