OXwZmW gaH$ma H$m g§J«h  Eg0 EZ0 goZ g§J«h  gày g§J«h

OXwZmW gaH$ma H$m g§J«h

OXwZmW gaH$ma (1870-1958) _wJbH$mbrZ à{gÕ B{VhmgH$ma Wo & Bg_| bJ^J 2,500 Xwb©^ àH$ma Ho$ g§J«h h¢ {Og_| nwñVH|$, Ymamdm{hH$s, nå\$boQ>g, OZ©b Ho$ _wÐU, nmÊSw>{b[n`m§, nmÊSw>{b[n`m| H$s \$moQ>mo H$m°nr VWm _mZ{VÌ h¢ & Bg g§J«h _| B{Vhmg H$s nwñVH|$, _w»` ê$n go _wJb VWm {~«{Q>e B{Vhmg H$s nwñVH|$ h¢ & àm`… g^r à_wI H$m`© {edmOr VWm _amR>m, amOnyV amÁ` VWm 1857 H$m {dÐmoh Bg_| _m¡OyX h¡ &

Bg g§J«h _| ^maV na \«o §M H$m`m} Ho$ Q>§{H$V àm{V`mo§ VWm OXwZmW gaH$ma Ho$ ñd`§ {H$`o J`o A§J«oOr _| n{g©`Z H$m`m} Ho$ H$B© AZwdmX ^r Bg_| h¢ & Bg g§J«h Ho$ Hw$N> Xwb©^ VWm _hËdnyU© H$m`© h¢ … \$VwhV - B© - Amb_Jrar, Xobhr H« mo{ZH$b (1738-17980), AmCX AI~mamV (1786), O`nwa [aH$mS²>g©, ~§Jmb A\o$`ag (1739-1752), {X _amR>m gmog}g (1732-17890) VWm Am¡a§JOo~ emgZ Ho$ ~mX H$m OrdZr H$moe & Bg g§J«h _| _wJb emgZ H$m Hw$N> Xwb©^ _mZ{MÌ ^r h¡ &

Eg0 EZ0 goZ g§J«h

gwaoÝÐZmW goZ (1890-1962) EH$ Aìdb loUr Ho$ {dÛmZ VWm B{VhmgH$ma Wo & do H$bH$Îmm {díd{dÚmb` _| B{Vhmg Ho$ {d^mJmÜ`j, ^maV gaH$ma Ho$ [aH$mS>²g© g§J«hH$ (1939) Wo {Ogo ~mX _| ZoeZb AmH$m©Bd Am°\$ B§{S>`m Ho$ ê$n _| _mÝ`Vm {_br & do {X„r {díd{dÚmb` Ho$ Hw$bn{V (1950) ^r ah MwHo$ Wo &

Bg g§J«h _| A§J«Or, ~§Jbm, _amR>r VWm nwV©Jmbr ^mfm Ho$ 3620 nwñVH|$ h¡ & Bg_| A{YH$Va B{Vhmg H$r nwñVH|$ h¢ & Bg g§J«h _| {d{^Þ gm_m{OH$ Hw$N> Xwb©^ n{ÌH$mE§ h¢ & Bg g§J«h _| H$m\$s Xwb©^ VWm _amR>m B{Vhmg H$m gd©loï> _amR>r nwñVH|$ h¡§ &

gày g§J«h

VoO ~hmXya gày (1878-1949) EH$ à{gÕ {d{YdoÎmm VWm amOZoVm Wo & CZH$m {~«{Q>e gaH$ma go gÎmm àmá H$a ^maV gaH$ma Ho$ gmW-gmW nm{H$ñVmZr gaH$ma Ho$ JR>Z _| _hËdnyU© ^w{_H$m Wr & 19520 _| CZHo$ nwÌm| Zo CZHo$ _yb nÌmMma {Og_| H$B© hOma nÌ VWm AÝ` H$mJOmV Wo, XmZ _| {X`m & `o nÌ Eo{Vhm{gH$ _hËd Ho$ h¢ {Og_| amï´>r` _hËd H$r Hw$N> KQ>ZmE§ VWm H$B© VÏ` Eogo h¢ Omo Ho$db {hÝht nÌm| _| h¢ & amï´>r` nwñVH$mb` Ûmam BZ nÌm| H$s AZwH« _[UH$m àH$m{eV H$s JB© h¡ &

 

gày H$mo ^oOo J`o
Jm§YrOr Ho$ nÌ

| Amdmg | B{Vhmg | g§J«h | A§J«oOr Am¡a {dXoer g§J«h | Xwb©^ Ed§ AÝ` g§J«h |
|
g§ajU | AmYw{ZH$sH$aU | àemgZ | àH$meZ | godm Ed§ gXñ`Vm |
| àH$meH$m| Ho$ {bE | g_mMma Ed§ KQ>ZmE§ | Cn`moJr gyMZm | g§nH$© gyÌ | English Version |

gmB~a E{Z_o{Q´>Šg àmBdoQ> {b{_Q>oS>, H$mobH$mVm (H$bH$Îmm), ^maV ×mam gmBQ> {Z{_©V Ed§ EH${ÌV