H$bH$Îmm npãbH$ bm`~«oar (gr. nr. Eb.)

H$bH$Îmm npãbH$ bm`~«oar H$s ñWmnZm gZ² 18360 _| hþB© Wr & `h H$moB© gaH$mar g§ñWmZ Zht Wm & `h ñdm{_Ëd Ho$ AmYma na H$m`© H$a ahr Wr & àË`oH$ ì`pÎH$ H$mo ñdm{_Ëd Ho$ {bE EH$ ~ma `m VrZ {H$ñVm| _§o ê$. 300/- XoZm hmoVm Wm & Jar~ N>mÌm| VWm AÝ` H$mo {ZYm©[aV Ad{Y Ho$ {bE {Z…ewëH$ nwñVH$mb` Ho$ Cn`moJ H$s AZw_{V Xr OmVr Wr & VËH$mbrZ JdZ©a OZab bmS>© _oQ>H$m±\$ Zo 4,675 I§S>m| H$mo H$m±boO Am±\$ \$moQ>© {d{b`_ nwñVH$mb` go H$bH$Îmm n[ãbH$ bm`~«oar H$mo hñVm§V[aV H$a {X`m& Bggo VWm nwñVH$mo§ Ho$ ì`pÎH$JV AZwXmZm| go nwñVH$mb` H$s Ywar V¡`ma hþB© & qàg Ûm[aH$m ZmW Q>¡Jmoa H$bH$Îmm npãbH$ bm`~«oar Ho$ àW_ Ý`mgr Wo &

^maVr` Ed§ {dXoer XmoZm| Vah H$s nwñVH|$ nwñVH$mb` Ho$ {bE IarXr OmVr Wt& 1850 Ho$ [anmoQ© _| h_ nmVo h¢ {H$ JwOamVr, nm{b, {gbmo{ZO VWm n§Om~r H$s nwñVH$m| H$m g§J«h³U àma§^ {H$`m J`m Wm & ì`{º$JV ñVa Ho$ gmW-gmW npíM_ ~§Jmb gaH$ma VWm npíM_moÎma amÁ`m| Ûmam A§eXmZ {Z`{_V ê$n go àmá H$s OmVr Wr &

Xoe Ho$ Bg ^mJ _| H$bH$Îmm n[ãbH$ bm`~«oar H$mo àW_ bmoH$ nwñVH$mb` Ho$ ê$n _| EH$ _hËdnyU© ñWmZ àmá Wm & 19 dt eVmãXr Ho$ nyd©mÕ© _| AÀN>o à~§YZ VWm H$m`©H$m¡ebVm H$s X¥>{ï>H$moU go `h nwñVH$mb` `yamon Ho$ {d{eï> nwñVH$mb`m| Ho$ g_Vwë` Wr & H$bH$Îmm npãbH$ bm`~«oar Ûmam CR>m`o J`o H$X_m| go amï´>r` nwñVH$mb` _| H$m\$s Xwb©^ nwñVH|$ Ed§ nÌ-n{ÌH$mE§ g§H${bV hþB© &
 

{X Bånr[a`b bm`~«oar

Bånr[a`b bm`~«oar H$m JR>Z gZ² 1891 0 _| g{Mdmb` nwñVH$mb`m| H$m| {_bmH$a {H$`m J`m Wm & AË`m{YH$ _hËdnyU© VWm amoMH$ VÏ` `h h¡ {H$ J¥h {d^mJ Ho$ A§VJ©V `h nwñVH$mb` Wm {Og_o§ nhbo Ho$ B©ñQ> B§{S>`m H$m±boO,\$moQ>© {d{b`_ Ho$ nwñVH$mb` VWm b§XZ Ho$ B©ñQ> B§{S>`m ~moS>© Ho$ nwñVH$mb` H$s H$B© nwñVH|$ gå_m{hV H$s JB© Wt& bo{H$Z nwñVH$mb` H$m Cn`moJ {g\©$ gaH$ma Ho$ d[að> A{YH$mar hr H$a gH$Vo Wo &

 
bmS>© H$O©Z {X _oQ>H$m±ë\$ hm°b

H$bH$Îmm npãbH$ bm`~«oar VWm Bånr[a`b bm`~«oar H$m EH$sH$aU

bmS>© H$O©Z, ^maV Ho$ VËH$mbrZ JdZ©a OZab, hr EH$ Eogo ì`[ÎH$ Wo Omo Bg {dMma go gh_V Wo {H$ Bg nwñVH$mb` H$mo OZVm Ho$ ì`dhma Ho$ {bE Imob {X`m Om` & CÝhm|Zo XoIm {H$ XmoZm| bm`~«oar Bånr[a`b bm`~«oar VWm H$bH$Îmm npãbH$ bm`~«oar gw{dYmAm| d à{V~§Y H$mo Ñ{ï>JV aIH$a ì`dhma_ybH$ {H$`m Om gH$Vm h¡ & AV… CÝhm|Zo {ZU©` {b`m {H$ BZ XmoZm| bm`~«oar Ho$ gånÞ g§H$bZm| H$mo Amng _| {_bm {X`m Om`& do H${Vn` eV© Ho$ gmW H$bH$Îmm npãbH$ bm`~«oar VWm VËH$mbrZ Bånr{a`b bm`~«oar H$mo à^mdr T>§J go EH$ gmW {_bm nmZo _| g\$b hþE &

`h bm`~«oar, {Ogo Bånr[a`b bm`~«oar H$hm OmVm Wm, _oQ>H$m±ë\$ hm±b, H$mobH$mVm _| 30 OZdar,1903 H$mo OZVm Ho$ {bE Imob {X`m J`m& Bånr[a`b bm`~«oar H$m bú` Ed§ CÔoí` ^maV Ho$ amOnÌ _| A{Ygy{MV {H$`m J`m h¡ {OgHo$ AZwgma-"BgH$m CÔoí` `h h¡ {H$ `h EH$ Eogm g§X^© nwñVH$mb` hmoJm Omo {dÚm{W©`m| Ho$ {bE H$m`©ñWb ~Zo VWm ^maV Ho$ ^{dî` Ho$ Eo{Vhm{gkm| Ho$ {bE gm_{J«`mo§ H$m g§ajU {H$`m Om gHo$ {Og_| {OVZm g§^d hmo, ^maV {df`H$ {bIo J`o àË`oH$ H$m`m} H$mo {H$gr ^r g_`, XoIm VWm n‹T>m Om gHo$ &'

Om±Z _oQ>H$m±ë\$ {~«{Q>e g§J«hmb`, b§XZ Ho$ ghm`H$ nwñVH$mb`mÜ`j H$mo Bånr[a`b bm`~«oar H$m àW_ nwñVH$mb`mÜ`j {Z`wº$$ {H$`m J`m Wm & CZH$s _¥Ë`w Ho$ ~mX, à{gÕ {dÛmZ VWm ^mfm{dX‹² h[aZmW Xo Zo nwñVH$mb` H$m à^ma J«hU {H$`m& CZH$s _¥Ë`w Ho$ ~mX Oo0 E0 M¡n_¡Z nwñVH$mb`mÜ`j ~Zo & lr M¡n_¡Z H$mo nwñVH$mb` g§~§{YV H$m`m} _| Jhar ê${M Wr VWm BgH$s »`m[V ~‹T>mZo Ho$ {bE H$m\$s à`ËZerb aho & CZHo$ godm-{Zd¥Îm hmoZo Ho$ ~mX ImZ ~hmXwa E_0 E0 AgmXw„m nwñVH$mb`mÜ`j Ho$ ê$n _| {Z`wº$$ hþE VWm do OwbmB©, 1947 VH$ nwñVH$mb`mÜ`j Ho$ ê$n _| H$m`© H$aVo aho &

   
Om±Z _oQ>H$m±ë\$, àW_ nwñVH$mb`mÜ`j h[aZmW Xo, àW_ ^maVr` nwñVH$mb`mÜ`j

amï´>r` nwñVH$mb`, ^maV H m B{Vhmg

Bånr[a`b bm`~«oar Ûmam ì`mnH$ ñVa na àm{á H$s Zr{V H$mo {dH${gV H$aZo Ho$ g§~§Y _| bmS>© H$O©Z H$m nwñVH$mb` Ho$ CX²KmQ>Z g_mamoh Ho$ Adga na {X`m J`m ^mfU AZwH$aUr` h¡ {Og_| H$hm J`m h¡ - "gmao nwñVH$mb` H$m gm_mÝ` Ü`o` `h h¡ {H$ do g^r nwñVH|$ aIr OmZr Mm{h`o Omo ^maV Ho$ ~mao _| hmo Am¡a BgH$s bmoH${à` ^mfmAm| _| {bIr JB© hmo§, gmW hr g§X^© Ho$ _mZH$ H$m`m} H$mo aIo OmZo H$s Amdí`H$Vm h¡ Omo EH$ ì`mnH$ AÀN>o nwñVH$mb` Ho$ {bE Amdí`H$ h¡ &

Bånr[a`b bm`~oar H$m amï´>r` nwñVH$mb` Ho$ ê$n _| KmofUm

ñdV§ÌVm àm{á Ho$ ~mX ^maV gaH$ma ×mam Bånr[a`b bm`~«oar H$m Zm_ Bånr[a`b bm`~«oar (Zm_ n[adV©Z) A{Y{Z`_, 1948 H$mo à^mdr H$a amï´>r` nwñVH$mb` H$a {X`m J`m VWm g§H$bZm| H$mo EñßbmZoS> go dV©_mZ ~obdo{S>`a B©ñQ>oQ _| ñWmZm§V[aV H$a {X`m J`m & 1 \$adar, 1953 H$mo amï´>r` nwñVH$mb` H$mo OZ-gm_mÝ` Ho$ {bE Imob {X`m J`m {OgH$m CXKmQ>Z _m¡bmZm A~wb H$bm_ AmOmX ×mam {H$`m J`m & lr ~r0 Eg0 Ho$e~Z H$mo amï´>r` nwñVH$mb` H$m àW_ nwñVH$mb`mÜ`j {Z`wº$ {H$`m J`m &

{ZXoeH$ Ed§ nwñVH$mb`mÜ`j H$s gyMr

nwñVH$mb`mÜ`jm| Ho$ df©

 1. lr Om±Z _¡H$\$maboZ 1901-1906
 2. lr h[aZmW Xo 1907-1911
 3. lr Oo0 E0 M¡n_¡Z 1911-1930
 4. lr Ho$0 E_0 AgmXw„m 1930-1947 
 5. lr ~r0 Eg0 Ho$edZ 1948-1963, 1970-1971
 6. lr dmB©0 E_0 _ybo 1963-1967
 7. lr S>r0 Ama0 H$m{b`m 1967-1970
 8. àmo0 Q>r0 Ho$0 lr{Zdmg Aæ`§Jma 1980-1980
 9. lr_Vr H$ënZm XmgJwám 1983-1995
10. lr Q>r0 E0 dr0 _y{V© 1986-1987
11. S>m0 Ama0 am_MÝÐZ 2001-

{ZX©oeH$m|

 1. S>m0 Ama0 Ho$0 XmgJwám 1977 - 1980
 2. àmo0 AerZ XmgJwám 1984 - 1990
 3. S>m0 S>r0 EZ0 ~ZOu 1992 - 1997
 4. S>m0 am_mZwO ^Q²>Q>mMmOu 1987, 1998
 5. lr haOrV qgh 1998
 6. lr E0 Ama0 ~§ÚmonmÜ`m` 1998 - 2000
 7. S>m0 í`m_bH$m§{V MH« dVu 2001 - 2003
 8. S>m0 am_mZwO ^Q>²Q>mMmOu 2003 -
   
amï´>r` nwñVH$mb` H$m CX²KmQ>Z D$na … (~m§`o go X>m`|) S>m0 ~r0 gr0 am`, _m¡bmZm A~wb H$bm_ AmOmX, S>m0 EM0 gr0 _wIOu, S>m0 Eg0 Eg0 ^Q>ZmJa, àmo0 hþ_m`y§ H$~ra VWm lr ~r0 Eg0 Ho$edZ VËH$mbrZ ^maV Ho$ àYmZ_§Ìr Odmha bmb Zohê$ _B©, 1961 _| nwñVH$mb` Ho$ Cn^dZ H$m {ebmÝ`mg aIVo hwE

 
~obdo{S>`a ^dZ  nwamZm Cn^dZ

| Amdmg | B{Vhmg | g§J«h | A§J«oOr Am¡a {dXoer g§J«h | Xwb©^ Ed§ AÝ` g§J«h |
|
g§ajU | AmYw{ZH$sH$aU | àemgZ | àH$meZ | godm Ed§ gXñ`Vm |
| àH$meH$m| Ho$ {bE | g_mMma Ed§ KQ>ZmE§ | Cn`moJr gyMZm | g§nH$© gyÌ | English Version |

gmB~a E{Z_o{Q´>Šg àmBdoQ> {b{_Q>oS>, H$mobH$mVm (H$bH$Îmm), ^maV ×mam gmBQ> {Z{_©V Ed§ EH${ÌV