16. Other Information

 FACTS AND FIGURES AT A GLANCE
(As on 31.3.2006)
 1. Opening of Calcutta Public Library  March, 1836
2. Opening of Imperial Library 1903
3. Shifted to Belvedere Estate, Alipore  1948-52
4. Change of name to The National Library 1948
5. Formal opening of the National Library at Belvedere by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad  1 FEB 1953
6. The Delivery of Books (Public Libraries) Act,  1954
7. Foundation of the Annexe Building by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru 8 MAY 1961
8. Foundation of the 2nd Annexe Building now known as Prashasan Bhavan by Smt Sheila Kaul 30 OCT 1984
9. Celebration of 150th Anniversary of the Calcutta Public Library  12 MAR 1987
10. Inauguration of the Prashasan Bhavan (New Annexe Building) and laying foundations of the Bhasha Bhavan by Shri Rajiv Gandhi.  7 APR 1989
11. Centenary Celebration of the National Library (1903-2003) 1 FEB 2003
12. Inauguration of the Bhasha Bhavan by Shri Jaypal Reddy 8 OCT 2004
13. Number of working days of the Library in a year 362
14. Total number of books in the Library  24,02,579
15. Total number of books in Indian languages  6,06,508
16. Total number of maps 88,047
17. Total number of manuscripts  3,227
18. Total publications received under the D B Act  10,09,182
19. Total publications received as gift and on exchange  5,41,853
20. Total number of current periodical titles  17,530
21. Total number of bound periodicals 1,39,961
22. Total number of newspapers (titles) 905
23. Total number of bound newspapers 11,745
24. Total number of Indian Official Documents  4,99,509
25. Total number of microfilms  5,553
26. Total number of microfiche  96,997
27. Budget provisions for 2006-2007
Plan (in Rs. cr.) :
Non-Plan (in Rs. cr.) :

6.5
14.6
28. Amount spent for purchase of publications Rs. 4,65,35,589

29.
Reader's seats :  
Bhasha Bhavan
 600
Rare Books Division
20
Annexe Reading Room
70
Asutosh Collection
10
Science & Technology Division
25
Foreign Official Documents Division
25
Slavonic Languages Div.
(incl. Germanic & Romance)
16
East Asian & West Asian Languages Division
8
Urdu Division
6
Maps Division
4
Esplanade Reading Room
22
Newspaper Section
8
Total  814
 30  Total area of the Library compound (in acres) 30 
 31  Total carpet area in the Library Building :
 Bhasha Bhavan 40,000.000 sq.mt.
 Main Building 9,787.944 sq.mt.
Annexe Building  10,084.759 sq.mt.
New Annexe Building 2,787.000 sq.mt.
Esplanade Reading Room 165.454 sq.mt.
 Total  62,825.157sq.mt.


 

********** 
 

 



THE DELIVERY OF BOOKS 'AND NEWSPAPERS'*
(PUBLIC LIBRARIES) ACT, 1954

 
[The Delivery of Books (Public Libraries) Act, 1954 : No.27 of 1954, as amended by the Delivery of Books (Public Libraries) Amendment Act, 1956 : No. 99 of 1956.]
An Act to provide for Delivery of Books to the National Library, Calcutta, and other public Libraries.

Be it enacted by Parliament in the Fifth Year of the Republic of India as follows:-
1. Short title and extent:

 (1)
This Act may be called the Delivery of Books 'and Newspapers'* (Public Libraries) Act, 1954.
(2) It extends to the whole of India including the State of Jammu and Kashmir.

2. Definitions: In this Act, unless the contest otherwise requires,-
(a) 
"book" includes every volume, part or division of a volume and pamphlet, in any language, and every sheet of music, map, chart or plan separately printed or lithographed, but does not include a news paper published in conformity with the provisions of Section 5 of the Press and Registration of Book Act, 1867 (XXV of 1867);
(aa)
"newspaper" means any printed periodical work containing public news or comments or public news published in conformity with the provisions of Section 5 of the Press and Registration of Books Act, 1867;
(b)
"Public libraries" means the National Library at Calcutta and any three other libraries which may be specified by the Central Government in this behalf by notification in the Official Gazette.
 3. Delivery of books to public libraries:

 (1)
Subject to any rules that may be made under this Act, but without prejudice to the provisions contained in Section 9 of the Press and Registration of Books Act, 1867 (XXV of 1867), the publisher of every book published in the territories to which this Act extends after the commencement of this Act shall, notwithstanding any agreement to the contrary, deliver at his own expense a copy of the book to the National Library at Calcutta and one such copy to each of the other three public libraries within thirty days from the date of its publication.
 (2)
The copy delivered to the National Library shall be a copy of the whole book with all maps and illustrations belonging thereto, finished and coloured in the same manner as the best copies of the same, and shall be bound, sewed or stitched together, and on the best paper on which any copy of the book is printed.
 (3)
The copy delivered to any other public library shall be on the paper on which the largest number of copies of the book is printed for sale, and shall be in the like condition as the books prepared for sale. 
(3A)  
"Delivery of newspapers to public libraries : Subject to any rules that may be made under this Act, but without prejudice to the provisions contained in the Press and Registration of Books Act. but 1867, the publisher of every newspaper, published in the territories to which this Act extends, shall deliver at his own expense one copy of each issue of such newspaper as soon as it is published to each such public library as may be notified in this behalf by the Central Government in the Official Gazette." *
 (4)
Nothing contained in sub-section (1) shall apply to any second or subsequent edition of a book in which edition, no additions or alterations either in the letter-press or in the maps, book prints or other engravings belonging to the book have been made, and a copy of the first or some preceding edition of which book has been delivered under this act.

 4. Receipt for books delivered :

The person in charge of a public library (whether called librarian or by any other name) or any other person authorised by him in this behalf to whom a copy of a book is delivered under section 3 shall give to the publisher a receipt in writing therefore.

 5. Penalty :

Any publisher who contravenes any provision of this Act or of any rule made thereunder shall be punishable with fine which may extend to fifty rupees and, "if the contravention is in respect of a book, shall also be punishable with fine which shall be equivalent to"1 the value of the book, and the court trying the offence may direct that the whole or any part of the fine realised from him shall be paid, by way of compensation to the public library to which the book or "newspaper"1 as the case may be ought to have been delivered.

 6. Cognizance of offences :

(1)  
No court shall take cognizance of any offence punishable under this Act save on complaint made by an officer empowered in this behalf by the Central Government by a general or special Order.
(2)  
No court inferior to that of a presidency magistrate or a magistrate of the first class shall try any offence punishable under this Act. 

7. Application of Act to books and newspapers published by Government :

"This Act shall also apply to books and newspapers published by or under the authority of the Government but shall not apply to books meant for official use only."* 

 8. Power to make rules :

The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make rules to carry out the purposes of this Act.

 *
 Insertions provided by the Delivery of Books (Public Libraries) Ammendment Act, 1956 : No. 99 of 1956. 

*********** 


 THE BELVEDERE HOUSE: EARLY DAYS

 This stately mansion with its varied facade evolved from out of the fancies of a number of distinguished owners whose names have made history.

Though not exemplifying a pure form of architecture (Italian renaissance overlaid on an ordinary Anglo-Indian Building) it is pleasing to the eye in its pleasant setting of venerable trees and lawns. To trace it back through successive ownership to a definite origin is not possible because of scanty records. The earliest name associated with this building was that of Mir Jaffar Ali Khan, the Nawab Nazim of Murshidabad. It was only natural that Alipore was named after him. A C Campbell in his Glimpses of Bengal has a lot to say about Lord Clive having had something to do with Belvedere by virtue of Emperor Shah Alam's Jagir Sanad... We learn from Sir W W Hunter in his Statistical Account of Bengal that 'Belvedere House was a favourite residence of Warren Hastings...' Lt Col Tolly sold the property by public auction, and for this piece of information we have the sober evidence of the auction notice in the Calcutta Gazette of 25 February 1802, describing 'Belvedere' as a 'large commodious, well-known house ... with 72 bighas, 8 cottahs and 4 chittacks of land, more or less' ...

The Commander-in-Chief of India, Sir Edward Paget, KCB occupied this mansion after February 1825. Then an Advocate General of Bengal (from 1846-1849 and again from 1852-1855) had the house repaired, and after an intermediate change of ownership, the Prinsep family bought it back and later sold it to the East India Company in 1854 to enable them to house the Lieutenant Governor of Bengal, Sir James Halliday, during 1857-1859. A lot of face lifting was done to this building by the successive Lieutenant Governors starting from Sir William Grey and ending with Lord Willingdon, the last of the British Proconsuls. From 1864 well into the beginning of the twentieth century, there was a period of hectic additions, alterations, demolitions and magnifications, for all of which grandiloquent enterprises we are the present heirs.

For those who are anxious to fill in this outline with details of name, place, date and description, one must refer to H E Busteed's Echoes from Old Calcutta, A C Campbell's Glimpses of Bengal, H E A Cotton's Calcutta Old and New, an article in the Calcutta Review, December 1852 by the Rev James Long entitled Calcutta in the Olden Time and Sir W W Hunter's Statistical Account of Bengal (1875-1877) etc.

 

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